Hematuria describes the condition in which blood is present in the urine. Hematuria can be either gross or microscopic. Gross hematuria refers to the urine appearing pink, red, or brown, and that the blood can be seen with the naked eye. Microscopic hematuria, on the other hand, means that the urine appears normal but is found to contain blood when tested in a laboratory.
Blood in the urine can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition, so it is important to see a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and diagnosis. Some possible causes of hematuria can be severe, such as cancer or kidney disease. In contrast, others may be less serious, such as kidney stones or a urinary tract infections.
Some causes of hematuria can lead to serious complications without proper treatment, so it is essential to get a prompt and accurate diagnosis. However, it is also important to keep in mind that hematuria can sometimes have no apparent cause and may resolve on its own without treatment.